Are "Black Boxes" really black?
The "Black Box", despite its name, is not black.
Although they are called "black boxes," aviation recorders are actually painted bright orange. This distinct colour, along with the strips of reflective tape attached to the recorders' exteriors, help investigators locate the black boxes following an accident. These are especially helpful when a plane lands in the water.
There are two possible origins of the term black box: Some believe it's because early recorders were painted black, while others think it refers to the charring that occurs in post-accident fires.
In addition to the paint and reflective tape, black boxes are equipped with an underwater locator beacon (ULB). If you look at the picture of a black box, you will almost always see a small, cylindrical object attached to one end of the device.
While it doubles as a carrying handle, this cylinder is actually a beacon.
Why is the black box so important?
With the advent of jet airliners in the late 1950s, analyzing critical details of aircraft performance became paramount during crash investigations, and two new devices were added as standard equipment on airliners: the CVR and the FDR (now DFDR).
Who invented the flight black box recorder?
What are black boxes made out of?
They are typically double wrapped, in strong corrosion-resistant stainless steel or titanium, with high-temperature insulation inside. They are designed to withstand high impact forces and high temperatures from fires.
Why don't they make the entire plane out of black box material?
The material that the black box is made of is too heavy. A whole plane made of the same material (All stainless steel), it would have a hard time getting off the ground and would be ridiculously expensive.
Is a black box reprogrammed in every flight?
The black box is constantly re-writing itself so it holds the last series of events. It does not need to be reprogrammed.
Why do aircraft need a black box recorder - why can't the info be transmitted live?
Failures in aircraft systems can be relayed real time by a system called ACARS but the black box contains a lot more info and would have to be a constant stream.
What kind of airplane uses the black box?
The FAA mandates that any aircraft with 10 seats or more must have a flight data recorder (black box).
Most aircraft smaller than that size do not have a black box.
Sky-tours wishes you a pleasant and safe trip!
CDC Helps Safeguard Business Travelers from Health Threats
Business Pulse: Travelers' Health, launched today by the CDC Foundation, provides businesses and corporate travelers a wide range of online resources to help them better prepare for international trips.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) resources include guidelines, tips and current data to help safeguard travelers against infectious diseases, as well as road hazards and environmental concerns that can sideline personal health and business productivity.
Travel plays an essential role in business and an estimated 5.1 million U.S. residents travel internationally for business each year. The extensive business opportunities abroad also pose a variety of potential health risks, including exposure to infectious diseases. To access Business Pulse, visit www.cdcfoundation.org/businesspulse.
"Millions of Americans travel each year, often for business. Illnesses and injuries abroad can sideline not only the traveler but the work they had planned. We encourage all travelers to prepare before they head abroad and educate themselves to help ensure safe, healthy travel," said CDC Director Tom Frieden M.D., M.P.H.
Sky-tours wishes you a safe flight!
The San Fermín festival celebrates the patron saint of the Spanish region of Navarra. It has become the most internationally renowned fiesta in Spain, with over 1,000,000 people coming to participate!
Thousands of tourists attend San Fermín every year, with the dangerous running of the Bulls being the highlight for adrenaline junkies willing to be chased by angry bulls.
The origin of the fiesta of San Fermín goes back to the Middle Ages and is related to three celebrations: religious ceremonies, trade fairs and bullfights.
Initially, the fiesta San Fermín was held on October 10th, but in 1591 the people of Pamplona, fed up with the bad weather at that time of year, decided to transfer the fiesta to July so it would coincide with the Fair.
At the beginning it lasted two days and had a pregón (opening speech), musicians, a tournament, theatre and bullfights. Other events were added later, such as fireworks and dances, and the fiesta lasted until July 10th.
This Spanish festival was made famous by Ernest Hemingway. His novel "The Sun Also Rises" ("Fiesta"), written in 1926, attracted people from all over the world to come to the fiesta of Pamplona.
San Fermin kicks off its 2014 celebrations on the 6th of July from 12:00, when the opening of the party is marked by setting off the pyrotechnic chupinazo.
The chupinazo rocket is launched at noon from the city hall balcony to declare the nine-day fiesta, with thousands of people below in the city hall square.
Everybody holds his red handkerchief above his head until the firework is exploded and they then put it around the neck. The fiesta sees thrill-seeking locals and tourists run down the historic streets chased by bulls ahead of a bloody bullfight.
Although it attracts a large number of young tourist partygoers, the San Fermin festival is an annual event steeped in tradition which is enjoyed by all.
Sky-tours wishes you a happy and safe San Fermin! :)
SAN JUAN MIDSUMMER´S NIGHT
The Festival of San Juan is celebrated annually on the 23rd of June, the shortest night of the year.
Legends, tradition and magical rituals are connected by common elements:
fire and water
- Jump over a bonfire. According to the traditions of the festival, if people jump three times over a bonfire on San Juan's night, they will be cleansed and purified, and their problems burned away.
- Swim in the ocean after midnight. It´s less dangerous and has the same cleansing and purifying result as jumping over the fire.
- Prepare perfumed water, which combines the scents of seven plants - including rosemary, roses and laurel. Bathing or washing in this water is another method of purification for the new season.
- Burn a piece of paper with your lovers name on it.
- Burn something old and personal to leave behind bad spirits from the past and start a new phase.
- Fountains and natural water resources become magic and have healing properties.
Other countries such as Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Perú, Bolívia and Cuba celebrate this date influenced by Spaniards, Portuguese and other European immigrants.
Sky-tours wishes you a happy San Juan´s night :)
Other seasonal routes Delta is starting this month are:
JFK-Malaga, Spain : June 06. The flight will initially operate four times weekly in June and will increase to five times weekly in July, using a 757-200 aircraft with 167 seats in conjunction with Delta's joint venture partner Air France KLM.
JFK-Stockholm, Sweden : June 02. The flight will initially operate five times weekly in June and then four times weekly during the remainder of the summer season, using a 757-200 aircraft with 167 seats in conjunction with Delta's joint venture partner Air France KLM.
JFK-Copenhagen, Denmark : June 02. The flight will initially operate daily during the summer season, using a 757-200 aircraft with 167 seats in conjunction with Delta's joint venture partner Air France KLM.
JFK-Reykjavik, Iceland : June 05. The flight will initially operate five times weekly, but will be daily from June 12 throughout the summer season, using a 757-200 aircraft with 167 seats in conjunction with Delta's joint venture partner Air France KLM.
The Way of St. James or St. James's Way (commonly known by its name in Spanish: El Camino de Santiago) is the name of the pilgrimage routes to the shrine of the apostle St. James the Great in the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Galicia (northwestern Spain), where tradition has it that the remains of the saint are buried.
Legend holds that St. James's remains were carried by boat from Jerusalem to northern Spain where he was buried on the site of what is now the city of Santiago de Compostela.
The Way can take one of any number of pilgrimage routes to Santiago de Compostela.
The route was declared the first European Cultural Route by the Council of Europe in October 1987; it was also named one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites.
THE SCALLOP SYMBOL
The scallop shell, often found on the shores in Galicia, is the symbol of the Camino de Santiago. Over the centuries the scallop shell has taken on mythical, metaphorical and practical meanings, even if its relevance may actually derive from the desire of pilgrims to take home a souvenir.
Today, tens of thousands of pilgrims set out each year from popular starting points across Europe, to make their way to Santiago de Compostela. Most travel by foot, some by bicycle, and a few travel as some of their medieval counterparts did, on horseback or by donkey (for example, the British author and humourist Tim Moore).
In addition to those undertaking a religious pilgrimage, the majority are hikers who walk the route for non-religious reasons: travel, sport, or simply the challenge of weeks of walking in a foreign land. Also, many consider the experience a spiritual adventure to remove themselves from the bustle of modern life. It serves as a retreat for many modern "pilgrims".
Along the way you will find wonderful landscapes, friendly and welcoming locals, delicious local food and wine...and many other pilgrims who will be happy to share the experience, travel tips and maybe even walking together for a few hours.
In Spain, France, and Portugal, pilgrim's hostels with beds in dormitories dot the common routes, providing overnight accommodation for pilgrims who hold a "credencial". In Spain this type of accommodation is called a "refugio" or "albergue", both of which are similar to youth hostels or hostelries in the French system of "gîtes d'étape".
Staying at pilgrims' hostels usually costs between 6 and 15 euros per night per bed.
Pilgrims are usually limited to one night's accommodation and are expected to leave by eight in the morning to continue their pilgrimage.
Most pilgrims carry a document called the "credencial", purchased for a few euros from a Spanish tourist agency, a church on the route, or from their church back home.
The credential is a pass which gives access to inexpensive, sometimes free, overnight accommodation in refugios along the trail. Also known as the "pilgrim's passport", the credential is stamped with the official St. James stamp of each town or refugio at which the pilgrim has stayed. It provides pilgrims with a record of where they ate or slept, but also serves as proof to the Pilgrim's Office in Santiago that the journey was accomplished according to an official route.
The stamped credential is also necessary if the pilgrim wants to obtain a compostela, a certificate of completion of the pilgrimage.
The compostela is a certificate of accomplishment given to pilgrims on completing the Way.
To earn the compostela one needs to walk a minimum of 100 km or cycle at least 200 km. Pilgrims arriving in Santiago de Compostela who have walked at least the last 100 km, or cycled 200 km to get there (as indicated on their credencial) are eligible for the Compostela from the Pilgrim's Office in Santiago.
Regardless of your reasons (religious, spiritual, exercise, self-searching or just for fun) we can assure you that you will not regret the experience and you will want to go back again! J
And if you feel lazy to walk, you can book your plane ticket with Sky-tours.com to visit the always charming and beautiful Santiago de Compostela!
The city is currently going through a sort of renaissance, with some urban architecture projects, a night-life, and many summer festivals celebrating the city's multicultural population and identity, such as the Caribbean-inspired "Summer Carnival", the Dance Parade, Rotterdam 666 and the Metropolis pop festival.
Other events include: North Sea Jazz Festival, the largest Jazz festival in Europe, Bavaria City Race, a Formula 1 race inside the city center and a 3 day long maritime extravaganza called the World Port Days celebrating the Port of Rotterdam.
Garuda Indonesia, the flag carrier of Indonesia, has joined SkyTeam as its 20th member and second airline from Southeast Asia.
Garuda's membership adds Jakarta as an alternative gateway to and from south-east Asia, as well as 40 new destinations to SkyTeam's global network served uniquely by the alliance.
It's a road which the airline must take one step at a time, but his goal is for Garuda "to become one of the best airline in the world."
Signing up with SkyTeam is part of that journey that "will fortify our position as a global player, and bring Garuda into the global arena (with) global standards", says Garuda Indonesia CEO Emirsyah Satar. as he enters the final year of a five-year 'Quantum Leap' expansion plan which began in 2009 to add new planes, new routes and improve service.
"Garuda Indonesia is proud to connect SkyTeam's global extensive network to one of the largest economies in south-east Asia via its hubs in Jakarta, Denpasar, Makassar, Medan, Surabaya, and Balikpapan," said Satar.
"Garuda's entry into the alliance will give its customers access to SkyTeam's 1,064 destinations, covering over 90 per cent of the most relevant traffic flows in the world," said Michael Wisbrun, SkyTeam managing director.
"Garuda strengthens our presence throughout the Asia Pacific region for our 588 Million global passengers."
Garuda flies to 64 destinations in 12 countries, including 40 domestic destinations. SkyTeam customers from every continent will benefit from easier access to Indonesia's key business and tourism destinations, facilitated by Garuda's partnerships with alliance members.
An archipelago of volcanic islands distributed around the Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean.
The Galapagos Islands and their surrounding waters form an Ecuadorian province, a national park, and a biological marine reserve. The principal language on the islands is Spanish and they have a population of approximately 25,000.
His observations and collections contributed to the inception of Darwin's theory of evolution by natural selection.
The Galapagos Islands are also well known as one of the worlds top diving destinations.
Hogfish and Parrotfish, Darwin Island. Image taken by Clark Anderson/Aquaimages. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
There are 18 main islands (with a land area larger than 1 km2) of the archipelago.
Just to name a few:
In Darwin Island (named after Charles Darwin) fur seals, frigates, marine iguanas, swallow-tailed gulls, sea lions, whales, marine turtles, and red-footed and Nazca boobies can be seen.
The island's seahorse shape is the product of the merging of six large volcanoes into a single land mass. On this island, galapagos penguins, flightless cormorants, marine iguanas, pelicans and Sally Lightfoot crabs abound.
Santa Fe Island hosts a forest of Opuntia cactus, which are the largest of the archipelago. Weathered cliffs provide a refuge for swallow-tailed gulls, red-billed tropic birds and shear-waters petrels. Santa Fe species of land iguanas are often seen, as well as lava lizards.